||is pronounced like the s in snake.
|is pronounced like h as in hot.
||is said like k as in kite.
||does not have an English equivalent, but is pronounced
like kh as in khaki.
||is pronounced as g as in goat.
||is the same as gh in ghost.
||is pronounced like the middle of Penguin or the end in
||is pronounced as ch as in the word cheat.
||is pronounced like sh as in shower, robustly
||is pronounced like j as in Jungle, the tongue
being positioned next to the lower teeth.
||is pronounced as jh robustly aspirated.
||is a sound not found in the western languages, and is
uttered with a palatal sound.
||is pronounced like t as in the middle of the word constrain,
with less discharge of breath and the tongue placed further back.
||sounds like the end of wheat, with the last letter
||is pronounced as d as in dumb, the d rounded heavily,
however less expiration of breath and the tongue much further back
||is pronounced as dh is in drummer robustly aspirated.
||is a retroflex nasal sound as in ' nah' if the 'a' was
||is softly unaspirated, being similar to a softly said 'Tim'.
||is pronounced as th as in the word third, but robustly
||is pronounced as d as in then,
with less expiration of breath.
||is pronounced dh as is like 'then', powerfully aspirated.
||is pronounced as n as in night, with
the tongue firmly placed next to the teeth.
||is pronounced as p as in aspirin with less
expiration of air.
||is pronounced as f as in fight, being the
aspirated version of p .
||is pronounced as b as in bin and bat.
||is pronounced as bh as in bard, if the word was pronounced as a halfway between a p and
||is pronounced as m as in marriage or mother.
||is pronounced as y as in yard.
||is pronounced as r as in matador or in razor
, without dropping the r.
||is pronounced as l as in like or lion
||pronounced as v and is a cross between a V in vexed and W in wart,
without rounding the lips and without the upper teeth being grazed by the lower lip.
||the closest example to this is the English name ' Barrat',
but said as if a h is placed in between the two R's.
||is as in Shimmer.
||As in the Scottish Loch.
||as in gosh pronounced as if a h follows g.
||as in Zebra
||As in Frankenstein.